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One reason that lecturing remains ubiquitous in middle division and upper division courses, despite mounting evidence that students learn more when they are active participants in the classroom, is that it is not immediately clear how to implement interactivity in these more advanced courses. Middle division and upper division courses differ from introductory courses in that the course goals tend to be richer, the course content more complicated, and the students more seasoned. Facilitating activities in these more advanced courses does not obviously follow from techniques that are successful in introductory courses. Teaching techniques need to be aligned with the special character of these courses.

Below various teaching strategies can be used in the upper division classroom.

Classroom Strategy1

Small Group Activities

Small White Board Questions

Kinesthetic Activities

Computer Visualization/Simulation/Animation

Integrated Laboratories



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