# Electric Potential

## Prerequisites

Our students have briefly studied the potential due to a point charge in their introductory sequence, but that experience is at least 6 months old (and for some students, 10 years old). This question introduction allows these students to bring these ideas back into working memory.

Some topics that our students need review on that will be used in the next few days are:

## In-class Content

• Intro/Schedule/Syllabus (15 min)
• Refresher 1 (15 min)
• Electric Potential (SWBQ: 20 min)
• Write down the electrostatic potential due to a point charge.
• Write down the gravitational potential due to the earth.
• Fields concept (Lecture: 10 min)

## Homework for Symmetries

1. (PotentialvsEnergy)

In this course, two of the primary examples we will be using are the force due to gravity and the force due to an electric charge. Both of these forces vary like $1/r^2$, so they will have many, many similarities. Most of the calculations we do for the one case will be true for the other. But there are some extremely important differences:

1. Find the value of the electric potential energy of a system consisting of a hydrogen nucleus and an electron separated by the Bohr radius. Find the value of the gravitational potential energy of the same two particles at the same radius. Use the same system of units in both cases. Compare and the contrast the two answers.

2. Find the value of the electric potential due to the nucleus of a hydrogen atom at the Bohr radius. Find the gravitational potential due to the nucleus at the same radius. Use the same system of units in both cases. Compare and contrast the two answers.

3. Think of and briefly discuss at least one other fundamental difference between electromagnetic and gravitational systems. Hint: Why are we bound to the earth gravitationally, but not electromagnetically?

2. (Dimensions)

When physicists calculate the value of a physical quantity from an equation, they pay particular attention to the units involved. A force of 2 is ill-defined, a force of 2 Newtons is clear. When physicists want to check the plausibility of an equation, without worrying exactly about which set of units will be used (e.g. Newtons vs. pounds vs. dynes), they often look at the “dimensions” of the physical quantities involved. “Dimension” refers to the powers of the basic physical quantities: length ($L$), time ($T$), mass ($M$), and charge ($C$), that make up the physical quantity. For example, since force is mass times acceleration,the dimensions of force are $ML/T^2$. Find the dimensions of electrostatic potential energy. Also, find the dimensions of electrostatic potential.

3. (Website)

Find the course website at http://physics.oregonstate.edu/\ {} corinne/COURSES/ph422. Read through it carefully and bring your questions to class. Don't forget to check out the Syllabus.

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